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Commentary in Spanish on "A Caribbean-Central America Alliance for Climate Justice". The English version is in the "Commentaries" section of this website.

 Una Alianza Caribe-Centroamérica por la Justicia Climática

Los gobiernos de Centroamérica están pidiendo "Justicia Climática" después de la devastación de sus países por Eta e Iota como tormentas tropicales y huracanes.
Los países centroamericanos se están haciendo eco de un llamado realizado anteriormente por los gobiernos del Caribe cuyos países son asolados repetidamente por huracanes.
La respuesta de la comunidad internacional a la difícil situación de Centroamérica, hasta ahora, no ha sido diferente a la forma en que responden al Caribe. Por lo general, esa respuesta consiste en muchas críticas del público, contribuciones inmediatas minúsculas y luego duras negociaciones sobre las condiciones en las que se realizarían préstamos concesionales significativos para ayudar a los países afectados a recuperarse.
Si alguno de los países se considera de "ingresos altos" como Antigua y Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados y St Kitts-Nevis, no obtendrán financiamiento en condiciones favorables a menos que ya estén en un programa de apoyo a la balanza de pagos del FMI.
Sin embargo, la situación en Centroamérica y la vecina Colombia es catastrófica. Miles de personas se enfrentan a la falta de agua potable, alimentos y suministros básicos después de que Eta e Iota azotaran la región, destruyendo hogares, hospitales y otras infraestructuras críticas y acumulando un desastre sobre otro. Muchos han muerto, muchos están desaparecidos, decenas de miles están sin hogar. Además del espantoso sufrimiento humano, los escombros de la infraestructura ascienden a cientos de millones de dólares.
La demanda de "justicia climática" por parte de los gobiernos caribeños, y ahora los líderes centroamericanos, es una compensación por el daño masivo causado a sus países por el cambio climático, en cuya creación y expansión tienen la menor culpa. La Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe señala que las emisiones totales de CO2 de América Central representan solo el 0,2% del total mundial; el del Caribe es aún menor.
La ayuda internacional, hasta ahora, para Centroamérica indica una respuesta lenta. La Agencia de los Estados Unidos para el Desarrollo Internacional anunció $ 120,000 cada uno para Honduras y Guatemala, y $ 100,000 para Nicaragua. A la Unión Europea (UE) le fue mejor, prometiendo 1,83 millones de dólares a todos los países centroamericanos. Pero las sumas son pequeñas dado que Estados Unidos y los países de la UE se encuentran entre los mayores contribuyentes al cambio climático. El silencio de otras grandes naciones contaminantes también es alarmante.
El Banco Centroamericano de Integración Económica autorizó $ 1 millón en fondos no reembolsables para Honduras y Nicaragua, pero sus recursos son relativamente pequeños. Es en las Instituciones Financieras Internacionales (IFI), como el FMI, el Banco Mundial y el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, que estos países buscarán recursos importantes.
Al igual que el Caribe, los países centroamericanos enfrentan costos extraordinarios para combatir los efectos de la pandemia de COVID-19 en circunstancias en las que sus ingresos están disminuyendo. El caos causado por Eta e Iota se suma a su carga de sufrimiento humano.
Es por esto que 13 países de CARICOM (Haití fue la excepción) se unieron a las naciones de Centroamérica, México y Colombia en el patrocinio de una Declaración en la Organización de los Estados Americanos (OEA), el 18 de noviembre, pidiendo apoyo urgente a los países afectados. “A través de la cooperación hemisférica y global para atender las necesidades más urgentes de recuperación y reconstrucción”.
Los países patrocinadores buscaron una "declaración" en lugar de una "resolución" que habría sido un instrumento mucho más fuerte, vinculante para la organización. Pero los países de Centroamérica y el Caribe sabían bien que algunos estados poderosos de la OEA habrían presionado contra una resolución tan vinculante.
Los gobiernos de estos mismos países poderosos se encuentran entre los que hacen políticas para las IFI que descalifican a los estados pequeños y vulnerables, como Antigua y Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados y St Kitts-Nevis, del acceso a financiamiento concesional por el falso criterio de ' alta renta per cápita’.
Haciendo mi contribución a la reunión de la OEA, dije lo siguiente:
“Quienes hacen política para las instituciones financieras internacionales y los bancos multilaterales de desarrollo tienen que dejar de fingir que las circunstancias económicas y financieras que existían en enero de 2020 siguen siendo las mismas en noviembre de 2020. No es así. El mundo ha cambiado de manera significativa.
La realidad es que, si bien a muchos países, incluido el mío, se les niega el acceso a la financiación en condiciones favorables y al alivio de la deuda sobre la base de la medición errónea del ingreso per cápita alto, ese ingreso per cápita se ha reducido hasta en un 40% porque el desempleo ha aumentado. más del triple. Ha llegado el momento de que los responsables políticos admitan la realidad del cambio de situación y modifiquen las políticas de las instituciones financieras para abordarlo.
De manera similar, mientras los miembros del Club de París continúan exigiendo el pago de la deuda sin reestructurar la deuda, ellos también deben enfrentar la realidad de que los países no pueden pagar lo que no tienen. El incumplimiento de la deuda es lo que ocurrirá con pocas perspectivas de reembolso a menos que se alcance un equilibrio ahora.
Si estas circunstancias continúan siendo ignoradas, o se administran los placebos habituales en lugar de financiar las vacunas que existen y se pueden aplicar, esta pandemia de desastre económico y sufrimiento humano asolará nuestro hemisferio de manera irreparable e irreversible durante las próximas décadas”.
Dada la creciente exposición del Caribe a las conmociones externas (huracanes, pandemias y recesión en América del Norte y Europa), la región debe aumentar el volumen y aumentar la intensidad de su defensa de la deuda, que es un lazo que le aprieta el cuello.
En las circunstancias actuales, las naciones de Centroamérica son los aliados naturales del Caribe para hacer causa común sobre este tema en la comunidad internacional. Los países de CARICOM deberían iniciar un fuerte esfuerzo diplomático con Centroamérica para construir tal alianza.
Como primer paso, los países de Centroamérica y el Caribe deberían acordar seguir el patrón de Barbados y Granada para incluir una “cláusula de huracán” en sus bonos, estipulando una moratoria de deuda inmediata, aunque temporal, si el país es golpeado por otro desastre natural. Esa cláusula también debería formar parte de toda la deuda externa. Si los condados de Centroamérica y el Caribe insisten en ello de manera colectiva y firme, tienen la oportunidad de tener éxito.
Las dos subregiones, que representan a 20 naciones, pueden sacar ventaja de las crisis de esta temporada de huracanes, tormentas tropicales y COVID-19.
Pero deben actuar juntos.

New Commentaries

New Commentaries have been added.   

The world waiting to breathe normally again
By Sir Ronald Sanders
 
Caribbean Community (CARICOM) countries should by now have worked out a strategy for securing the early attention of U.S. President-elect, Joe Biden, and the team working on his transition into the White House and to the helm of government. 
 
This has not happened. The usual practices and traditions associated with transitioning from one administration to another after a Presidential election have not been observed. President Trump has not conceded the election. His Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, told a news conference: “There will be a smooth transition to a second Trump administration”. At best, Pompeo’s remarks can be interpreted as conviction that Trump’s threatened legal challenges of the elections will prevail.
  
But 17 lawsuits filed in various state and federal courts have not disproven the legitimacy of the votes cast or the voting process. They have also not substantiated allegations that Trump’s election observers didn’t have access to the counting of votes or that mail-in ballots were fraudulently cast.
 
Amid these unproven allegations, the results from the declared States show that Biden has already won 279 votes in the Electoral College.  On December 14, the electors from each of the States will gather, as the College, to declare the 46th President of the United States. Biden needed only 270 votes. His election is, therefore, a foregone conclusion.
 
Yet, Biden and his team have been denied the normal support and engagement by the incumbent administration, including offices at which they can be reached. Only limited contact has been possible with Biden’s election campaign office which is not equipped to handle the flood of communications from around the world.
 
CARICOM countries are not alone in not being able to engage Biden and his team. Every other country and region is facing a similar situation.
 
A pause has occurred across the globe as governments and the citizens of their countries watch in bewilderment as the United States pitches from one bizarre uncertainty to another. This situation undermines the standing of the United States in the world, but it also delays global action at a time when it is much needed. 
 
It makes global planning and actions difficult, underscoring the pivotal role that the U.S. plays in all aspects of international life.
 
What the US government says and does in the world matters. But US positions change on many issues when administrations change. For instance, Biden and Trump have vastly different attitudes to global issues such as Climate Change, the development of oil and gas as against renewable energy, and multilateral cooperation rather than unilateral action. In this connection, governments and international agencies need to talk early with any incoming US administration not only to get an appreciation of its policies and priorities, but also to present their own views for consideration.
 
It is no secret that some of Joe Biden’s declared policies coincide more closely with those of Caribbean governments than President Trump’s. Among those policies are Climate Change and an effective multilateral system. 
 
Much has been made by some commentators about the potential for trade and aid between CARICOM and the U.S. under a Biden administration. However, not much is likely to change on either front.
The United States is the greater beneficiary of trade with CARICOM. In 2019, the US enjoyed a trade surplus with the 14 independent CARICOM countries of $8.1 billion. For the first ten months of 2020, the US trade surplus already stands at $5 billion, notwithstanding the effects of COVID-19 on CARICOM economies. These are not aberrations; they are perennial.
 
U.S. aid to the CARICOM area in 2019 was a mere 0.0095% of its aid to the world. Of the $298.8 million provided to all 14 CARICOM countries, $236 million went to Haiti alone. The remaining 13 countries divided $62 million, with Jamaica getting the lion’s share of $28 million or 44.5% of it. Eight countries got less than $2 million each, mostly to stop drugs from transiting the Caribbean to the U.S.
 
It is on other issues that CARICOM countries should seek a beneficial arrangement with a Biden administration, principally Climate Change which poses an existential threat to the region. CARICOM countries have faced resistance from the present U.S. government to every attempt they have made to gain remedial attention to the calamitous effects that Climate Change has on them. Not surprisingly, CARICOM governments would like early contact with representatives of the Biden team to set out their peculiar concerns.
 
Beyond this urgent issue, substance needs to be given to the mantra that the Caribbean is the “third border” of the U.S. The Caribbean cannot provide security to the U.S. from drugs, organized crime, refugees, and instability on its doorstep unless the region is itself secure. 
 
To achieve that security, the economies of CARICOM countries need to be strengthened so that they increase employment and reduce poverty and crime. Their debt has to rescheduled with aged ones forgiven, especially now when their economies are battered by COVID-19; their vulnerabilities have to be recognized and factored into their eligibility for concessional financing from international agencies; the myth of CARICOM countries being ‘major money launderers’ also has to be dispelled and restrictions on correspondent banking relations have to be lifted.
 
These are issues of mutual benefit to the U.S. and CARICOM countries that should be placed before President-elect Biden and his team as they prepare to take office and make policy decisions. Other regions of the world have their own agenda for discussion.
 
The world waits for an end to the U.S. imbroglio so that it can breathe again. 

New Lectures

Statement by Sir Ronald Sanders, Ambassador of Antigua and Barbuda At a meeting of the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States on Friday, 14th August 2020 “Tribute to Professor the Right Honourable Owen Seymour Arthur, Former Prime Minister of Barbados 1994-2008” 

 

 
Owen Arthur led many Caribbean struggles in the international community, one of which I was privileged to be his deputy.   
 
That was the Caribbean’s resistance to dictation by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to arbitrarily impose tax standards.
 
He brought to those negotiations in 2001 not only compelling logic and solid economic arguments, but also an insistence that the rich countries of the world understand that one-size shoes do not fit all feet; and that small states require different treatment because of the limitations that size imposes. 
 
Much of what he said in international fora, including to the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, continues to express compelling truth, especially now as the effects of COVID-19 pandemic wrecks the economies of small states. 
 
He said, for instance, that the need for reform of the global financial architecture is accepted by the Caribbean, but we submit that it must include representation and participation from all of us. The practice and the politics of exclusion and dictation must cease.” 
 
That is a position of principle that we maintain today, including in this Organization of American States. 
In 1998, he made arguments to the global community that have particular resonance today in the context of the criteria by which Caribbean states are measured and treated. 
 
He said, “Even before the start of the current world crisis, many of our own economies were already in crisis.  Those economies are still in crisis and are facing the prospect of being engulfed in larger problems, not of our making. More than ever now there is urgent need for those who regard themselves as leaders of the world economy to demonstrate that leadership.  (see full statement in the "Lectures" section of this webiste.
 
 

PRESENTATION ON THE SITUATION IN GUYANA TO THE PERMANENT COUNCIL OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

On July 21st 2020, the Permanent Council of the Organization of Americam States held a Special Session on the Situation in Guyana.  In his presentation to the Council, Sir Ronald said: "Four and a half long months have passed and still there is no election result. In the meantime, four other Caribbean countries have held elections and elected governments have assumed office peacefully, including in Guyana’s immediate neighbouring state, Suriname.

Being entered into the Guinness Book of Records is usually for a remarkably deserving event.  However, Guyana has now been inscribed in its pages for the unworthy event of having achieved the longest delay, in the world’s history, between an election and the declaration of a result. Democracy is not being served. Nor is the people of Guyana’s right to democracy being served".

See the full statement in the "Lectures" scetion of this website.. 

 

DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN THE ORGANISATION OF AMERICAN STATES 

On March 12th,2020, the day mandated by the UN to observe "International Day of Women", the OAS Permanent Council adopted its 11th Resolutuon in 21 years, resolving to address discrimination against Women in the OAS itself.   As Sir Ronald said in his presentation, " Despite all these resolutions, spanning a period of 21 years, this Organization has still not fulfilled these mandates...  A girl child born in 1999, has grown to full adulthood at ahe 21 as we in this council are still considering yet another Resolution".   See, his full statement in the "Lectures" section of this website.

Latest News in Pictures

 

With the late Right Honourable Professor Owen Arthur, former Prime Minister of Barbados at his office at the Cave Hill Campus of the University of the West Indies in January 2020, talking Caribbean integration

 

Meeting between US Congressional Representatives, Global Banks and Caribbean government representative.  Congresswoman Maxin Waters (centre in red), Antigua and Barbuda Prime Minister Gaston Browne to her right, Sir Ronald Sanders to Prime Minister Browne's right.  Capitol Hill on November 14, 2019

 

Signing agreements for the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Kosovo and Antigua and Barbuda in Washington, DC on 24 July 2019.  The agreemenst were signed by the Ambassador of Antigua and Barbuda, Sir Ronald Sanders (sitting right) and the Ambassador of the Republic of Kosovo, Vlora Citaku (sitting left). Frymezin Isufaj and Joy-Dee Davis. Ministers Coundellor (standing left to right)

 

 Speaking at US Capitol Hill in behalf of CARICOM during Caribbean Legislative Week on 5 June 2019

 

Meeting Wesley Kirton Co-Chair Caribbean Studies Associaton, US, and Captain Gerry Gouveia of the Guyana Privat Sector at Antigua and Barbuda Embassy, Washington, DC on 4 June 2019

 

On 15 May, 2019 with the formidable US Congresswoman Maxine Waters who is Chair of the Financail Services Committee of the US House of Representatives.  I had presentred the case against de-risking, withdrawal of correspondent banking relations and blacklisting alone with CARICOM Ministers of National Security. 

 

 Testifying on 14th May, 2019 before the US International Trade Commission on behalf of Antigua and Barbuda and Caribbaean States on the perennial US trade surplus with the region which reached $7 Billion in 2018. 

 

Sir Ronald at Capitol Hill in Washington DC, talking trade and other relations between the US and CARICOM countries, especially Antigua and Barbuda, with Cingressman Brad Wenstrup (R-Cincinnati) on  27 February 2019.

 

Caribbean Ambassadors in Washington with US Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs. Kim Breier, at the US State Department. Sir Ronald third from right in January 2019. 

 

In July 2018, while in Ottawa for Antigua and Barbuda bilateral talks with Canadian government officials, Sir Ron ran into old and repected friend, Joe Clarke - former Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Canada and a great warrior in the anti-apartheid struggle.

 

With Ambassador Jesus Silvera of Panama, receiving a donation to the rebuilding of Barbuda, June 2018

 

With OAS Secretary-General, Luis Almagro, on 6 June 2018, signing the Inter-American Convention against Racism, Racial Discrimination and  Related Forms of Intolerance.  Antigua and Barbuda was the first signatory to the Convention and the second country to ratify the Convention. 
 

 Signing ceremony in Washington, DC of Abolition of Visa Requirements between Ukraine and Antigua and Barbuda in May 2018.  Ukraine Amnbasador (left) and Joy-Dee Davis, Minister Counsellor, Antigua and Barbuda Embassy (right) 

 

 With Governor-General of Canada,Her Excellency Julie Payette, at Rideau Hall in Ottawa on January 30th 2018.  In addition to beeing accredited to Canada as High Commissioner, I have the honour of sharing the distinction with this amazing former Astronaut of being a Senior Fellow at Massey College in the University of Toronto.

 

In Tobago after delivering feature address at The Tobago Finance week on 13 November 2017.  Photo shows, Economist Terrence Farrell, Sir Ronald, Tobago Deputy Chief Secretary Joel Jack, and Anthony Pierre, Chairman of the Caribbean Association of Chartered Accountants

 

 In Port-of-Spain, Trinidad speaking at the annual Conference of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Trinidad and Tobago on 9 November 2017

 

 Speaking at a meeting in Geneva, prior to appearnace at the World Trade Organisation on Antigua and Barbuda's contention with the US government on the WTO award to Antigua over Internet Gaming, September 2017 

 

 Speaking on Refugees resulting from Climate Change and the growing danger to small island states at an event organised by OXFAM in Washington, DC on 30 October 2017. (Heather Coleman, OXFAM; Sir Ronald Sanders, Antigua and Barbuda; Selwyn Hart (Barbados), Lisa Friedman, New York Times)

 

Sir Ronald speaking at the National Press Club in Washington DC on 12 October 2017.  He was talking about the devastation of Barbuda by Hurricane Irma and the remedies for Climate Change and Global Warming.  To his left are:  The Prime Minister of Grenada Dr Keith Mitchell, CARICOM Secretary General Irwin la Rocque and St Lucia Prime Minister Alan Chastanet

 

Sir Ronald speaking at the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) on the security and other threats posed to the Caribbean and the Hemisphere of Climate Change and Global Warming on 13 September 2017

 

 Sir Ronald (third right) with senior officers of the Inter-American Defense Board in Washington, DC after discussing what assistance could be given in the clean up and rebuilding of Barbuda after Hurricane Irma (Friday, 15 September 2017)

 

With US Congressman, Ranking member of Committee on Foreign Affairs at Capitol Hill on 14 September, discussiing secutty matters, Hurricane Irma and Barbuda and the US-Antigua and Barbuda WTO issues.  Very helpful.

 

 With US Congressman Mark Meadows on Capitol Hill talking the US-Antigua and Barbuda WTO issues, and the effets of Hurricane Irma on the island of Barbuda on 12 September, 2017.  Good man. 

 

 Talking to the Emergency Agencies of the OAS about the impact of Hurricane Irma on the island of Barbuda and seeking assistance on 14 September 2017

 

Sir Ronald with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau in Ottawa on 28 August 2017 discussing Canada-Antigua and Barbuda bilateral matters.

 

Sir Ronald with the President of Mexico, Enrique Pena Nieto, at the General Assembly of the Organisation of American States in Cancun, in June 2017

 

Heads of Delegations to the OAS General Assembly in Cancun.  Mexican Presdident, sixth from right, front row.  Sir Ronald fourth from right, front row.

 

Meeting of Consulation on the situation in Venezuela at the Organisation of American States on 31 May 2017 Sir Ronald (far right).

 

With Texas Congressman Randy Weber at Capitol Hill in Washington DC, talking energy, water and US-Antigua and Barbuda relations on Wednesday 5 April, 2017 

 

 

With my colleague Argentine Ambassador to the OAS, Juan Jose Acuri (right) and the Argentina candidate for election to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rigjts Dr Carlos de Casas on 29 March 2016

 

 At the International Monetary Fund with Exceutive Director for Canada and the Caribbean, Nancy Horsman, to discuss Antigua and Barbuda matters.

 

At the Antigua and Barbuda Embassy receiving Antonia Urrejola, the candidate of Chile for the Inter American Commission on Human Rights, on 23 March 2017 

 

 With the Mexican Candidate for the Inter American Commission on Human Rights, Joel Hernadez Garcia, on 21 March 2017

 

 At the World Bank on20 March 2017 meeting Christine Hogan, the Executive Director for Canada and the Caribbean, to talk about Antigua and Barbuda matters.

 

With Joe Barton, US Congressman from the State of Texas in his Office on Capitol Hill on Thursday, 16 March 2017 discussing US-Antigua and Barbuda relations

 

Hosting a meeting at the Antigua and Barbuda Embassy in Washington, DC of diplomatic representatives of St Lucia (Ambassador Anton Edmunds, St Kitts-Nevis Ambassador Thelma Phillip-Browne and St Vincent Deputy Chief of Mission Omari Williams)

 

Meeting the Cuban Ambassador to the United States, Jose Cabanas Rodriguez at the Antigua and Barbuda Embassy on Tuesday, 21st February, 2017

 

With the Ambassador of Ecudaor to the United States, Francisco Borja Cevallos, talking Ecuador-Antigua and Barbuda relations on 13 February 2017

 

 With US Congressman Gus Bilikakis (Dem,Fl) for talls on Caiptol Hill in Washington

 

With Charlie Crist, US Congressman (Dem, Fl) for discussions on US-Antigua and Barbuda matters

 

 With US Senator Jeff Duncan, Chair Foreign Relations Committee talking energy and Citizenship by Investement Programmes in the Caribbean

 

 With Professor Louis Gates Jr at the Smithsonian National Musuem of African American History in Washington, DC after an evening of enlightening presentations on the neglected story of the building of the US 

Videos of historic Rastafarian occasion at the OAS on 14 May 2018

The You Tube Video below is the historic occasion at the Permanent Delegation of the Organisation of American States (OAS) when Antigua and Barbuda led the way in aplogising for the wrongs done to the Rastafarian community of the Caribbean. It was the first time that a representavive of the Rastafarian community addressed a high-level inter-governmental body.  

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XR-In_q1dR8&feature=youtu.be
 

Another You Tube Video is the Report to the Permanent Council of the Organisation of American States on 20 April 2018 on the Antigua and Barbuda General Elections of March 21.   See video of the report on You Tube link below:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MFm3Y_AzTxE

 


All posts...

Election for the post of Commonwealth Secretary-General

Sir Ronald was a candidate for election to the post of Commonwealth Secretary-General In November 2015 at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in Malta. View further details here.

Portrait of Sir Ronald Sanders

Sir Ronald Sanders is currently Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the United States and the Organisation of American States.

Welcome

Welcome to this website. I created it in 2009 in response to many requests for access to commentaries I have written, lectures I have given and interviews that have been broadcast or printed in the media on matters related to the political economy of the Caribbean and the Commonwealth.  They are all avaialble here for free.

These requests have come from university students, publications, academics, government officials and business people in many parts of the world. In the course of responding to these requests, I have been pleased to build up a network of global contacts who now receive my commentaries weekly.

From a career that encompassed broadcast and print journalism, development and commercial banking, diplomacy and international negotiations in both the public and private sectors, I am privileged to draw on wide and varied experiences to write, lecture and undertake consultancies.  The latter activity was susended while I carry out my present functions as Ambassador for Antigua and Barbuda. 

I have taken the greatest pleasure in receiving comments and criticism from people all over the world that the Internet has made a “village”. I have learned from many of the comments I received. They have caused me to reflect on my own thinking. Through this website, I hope to communicate regularly with all who write to me.

The website is now a permanent repository of the weekly commentaries and lectures going back several years. Anyone is free to access them here, and to cite them provided my permission is sought in advance through the “Contact me” mechanism. A few of the lectures I have given in Britain and in the Caribbean are also posted on the site in a PDF format which can be easily downloaded. Again, I would make the same request to seek my permission before citing the material.

I invite responses to my writings, and inquiries about the experience and knowledge I can bring to achieving the objectives of companies and organizations that do business related to the Caribbean and the Commonwealth.

Kind regards

Ronald Sanders